Process Food & Beverages

Coffee- The Fuel for Your Nerves


History Coffee

Maximum of the beverages (coffee) that are found in this modern world and have gained a lot of popularity actually have their roots much back in time. From alcoholic to non-alcoholic beverages, man has always been fond of these supplements. Whether it is a traditional ceremony or a bunch of friends hanging around these beverages has always marked their importance in the table.
In different cultures, the taste and texture of these beverages have changed much over time and have differentiated themselves from the other beverages depending on their geographical locations. While some of these beverages like strong alcohols calm you down some like coffee hypes you up, making you active enough to finish off the chores.
Coffee is such a beverage which has originated in very ancient times and has carried its charm still now. It a beverage that is liked by the maximum of the people residing in this world, and it’s market importance is growing with the demand.

What is coffee?

Coffee is prepared from brewing different kinds of berry seeds transforming them into coffee beans which are after that roasted to produce a drink which is strong in both smell and taste. Then this is mixed with different other tasting elements like sugar and milk and other sweeteners to add a different consistency or taste to it and also to curb the bitterness of the beverage. People have different tastes in coffee and prefer their drinks according to their likings.
The process of making industrial level coffee is not as easy as it seems there are various stagfes through which the coffee geos through before it becomes edible.

The 1st Stage- The Picking

  • Flowers in coffee plants appear after 3-4 years of plantation.
  •  From these flowers, the coffee cherries are born, and it takes a span of a minimum of 5 years.
  •  After around 8 months the cherries get ripe, and the color turns to red from green
  •  Red cherries are the sign that they should be harvested now
    Picking Coffee
  •  In many places, coffee picking is still manual labor, but in places like Brazil, it is done by machines.
  •  The coffee picking is done in two processes strip and selective.
  • In the strip process, all the coffee beans are plucked irrespective of their maturation
  • In the selective process, only the cherries which are fully matured are picked.

The 2nd Stage- The Processing

The processing happens in three distinct ways-

  •  Wet Process-
    In this process, the seed or the bean is made to get rid of their fruit covering by washing them


thoroughly. These coffees are often termed as washed coffees. This method requires a lot of costly equipments and tones of water for proper washing.

  • Dry Process-
    This is the most ancient method of coffee processing and is often termed as natural coffee. After the harvest, the cherry is cleaned and then kept under the direct sunlight to dry off. The maximum of the coffee is processed in this way.
  • Semi Dry Process-
    This process has many other names like “semi washed” “wet hulled” “pulped natural,” “giling basah(indonesia)” etc. This hybrid process is mainly used to reduce the acidity in the coffee beans and increase the body.

The 3rd Stag- Milling

After the processing the coffee goes through the last step and that is milling. In this process even the small residue of skins left on the coffee beans are removed and then cleaned and sorted. Milling includes three main steps-

  1.  Hulling
  2. Polishing
  3. Cleaning and Sorting
    Grading Coffee

The 4th Stage – Grading

In this stage the coffee beans are sorted according to taste, texture, geographical location, way of harvesting and roasting. Most of the coffee producing industries grade the coffee into a cheaper variable with a bit of defective beans and low in taste and to an expensive variable with the finest beans present.
And then it is stored in distinguished sacks or jars.

What are the types of coffee beans?

There are 4 wide varieties of coffee beans-
Arabica beans

  • Total consumption- 60%
  • Price- high quality hence higher prices
  •  Location- mainly Latin America
  •  Features- more acidic than Robusta beans.

Robusta beans

Arabica and Robusta Coffee
Arabica and Robusta
  • Consumption- the second most famous
  • Shape- looks like small balls and are not almond shapes
  •  Location- Africa and Indonesia
  •  Features-
  •  They have a bitter flavor
  •  Contains deep flavor
  • Can hold more milk and sugar when blended
  •  Used to brew at home


Liberica Coffee
  •  Taste- floral, fruity aroma with a woody flavor
  •  Location- Philippines
  •  Features- invented in 1890 due to shortage of Arabica beans






Excelsa Coffee


  • Consumption- only 7%
  •  Location- southeast Asia
  •  Features- a tart and fruity taste


Global Production of Coffee-

Global coffee production happens throughout a vast region, and this is called the coffee belt. Coffee is one of the most obsessed beverages that has earned much economic importance and has added revenue in the economy. The global production of coffee will be represented by a graph below-


In an estimate, it can be seen that approximately 22.1 gallons of coffee is being consumed globally every year.

Health Benefits of Coffee-

There are some antioxidants present in coffee which affects the health in a positive way and have lots of health benefits. They are as follows-

Health Coffee
  1. Coffee has the ability to reduce pain especially after work out
  2.  Consuming coffee can increase your fibre intake
  3. Coffee protects against cirrhosis of liver
  4.  It reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes
  5.  Alzheimer’s risk is also lowered
  6.  It can also reduce suicidal tendencies and depression
  7.  Coffee protects you from Parkinson’s disease
  8.  People consuming coffee have lesser risk of cardiac diseases
  9.  Study shows coffee drinkers have DNA stronger than non-drinkers
  10. Coffee lowers the risk of getting multiple sclerosis
  11.  Colorectal cancer risk can also be prevented by consuming coffee
  12.  It can also reduce liver cancer risk
  13. People addicted to coffee has lesser gout risk
  14. Coffee increases life longevity
    Health coffee
  15.  It provides retinal damage
  16.  Periodontal disease can also be protected
  17.  Coffee can also fight against melanoma
  18.  USDA has recommended it for good health and better lifestyle
  19. It also reduces heart attack leading to low mortality
  20. It helps people to socialize more


There are many myths surrounding coffee, and this has given birth to many misconceptions also

  •  Myth: Drinking coffee during the day makes you insomniac
    Fact: Post lunch coffee is processed very fast and hence gets flushed out from the body in 7-8 hoursCoffee
  •  Myth- Boiling water should be used for coffee ground
    Fact: Too much hot water gives a burning taste to coffee.
  • Myth: Coffee dehydrates you
    Fact: The watery consistency of the office makes it impossible for dehydration
  • Myth: Coffee cures hangover
    Fact: Coffee makes you alert but cannot curb hangover
  • Myth: Coffee helps in weight loss
    Fact: Coffee can increase your metabolism very slightly, but that’s not enough to curb your metabolism
  •  Myth: Caffeine is an addiction
    Fact: Coffee is not a drug. Though it awakens the central nervous system, it can be slightly addictive, but the effects of withdrawal last only for 2-3 days
  • Myth

     Myth: Coffee cuts the process of growth
    Fact: There is no scientific logic to back this up

  •  Myth: Coffee consumption leads to heart disease, cancer, osteoporosis, rabies, scabies, etc.
    Fact: A moderate amount of coffee daily will never do any harm to your body
  •  Myth: Coffee is not for pregnant woman
    Fact: Consumption of coffee during pregnancy don’t harm the fetus but its better if u opt for decaf
  •  Myth: Darker roasted coffee makes stronger coffee
    Fact: It’s just the opposite. More roasting burns, the caffeine making a smoother taste
  • Myth: Every kind of coffee have the same caffeine percentage
    Fact: Different varieties of coffee have different percentage of caffeine depending on the manufacturing process

The Global Coffee Chains

Starbucks Malaysia Summer coffee
Starbucks Malaysia Summer
  1.  Starbucks
  2.  Costa Coffee
  3. Caffè Nero
  4.  Dunkin Donuts
  5.  Caffè Ritazza
  6.  Mc Cafe
  7. Coffee Republic
  8. Gloria Jeans
  9.  Coffee Beanery
  10. Tully’s Coffee


Coffee is a very safe beverage if consumed in a measured way. It is a stimulant and will make youConclusion alert when you are feeling very drowsy. The global demand and supply of coffee has emerged to be one of the largest economical market. And it can lead you to your happy place depending on the environment. Starting from binge watching Netflix to going on a date, coffee is the best excuse to gossip over and spend your alone time. A cup of coffee, rain and a book in hand wont it be lovely.


  • How is coffee produced?

Coffee is produced in a such a process which involves four main stages Picking, Processing, Milling and Grading. After all these are done it is then packed and stored into different containers and distributed to various locations.

  •  How many major types of coffee are there?

There are mainly four types of coffee- Arabica, Robusta, Liberica, Excelsa. All these varieties differ in taste, texture and blend. Among these Arabica and Robusta is the most consumed coffees found in abundance. The global consumption of these two are much higher than the other two varieties.

  •  Will coffee make me insomniac?

Consuming coffee pre-lunch gives your body time to digest the beverage. It will surely hit you in your central nervous system making you more alert but it will not make you insomniac. It’s a myth that coffee makes you insomniac.

  • How much coffee can be consumed per day?

Every day you can consume 4-5 cups of coffee. This amount of caffeine intake lowers premature death risks and also prevents the body from innumerable diseases. And you can always avoid the negativity of coffee by not adding sugar or other high calorie ingredients.

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Joanne Burdett

Joanne is handling the Processed Foods and Beverages section of the website. She is one of the youngest and most energetic people in the office. She is very cheerful, and apart from her childish nature, her most significant advantage is the limitless amount of knowledge she has of the field and her command over English. She has been working with us for 3 years now.

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